Eco-efficiency is based on the principles of using high efficiency
production technology and methods, using of less natural resources
and energy for the same amount of production and the production
of less waste.
Eco-efficiency does not just address environmental concerns, instead
it also addresses “preservation of natural resources”, “industrial efficiency”
and “economic development”. In short, eco-efficiency provides both
environmental and economic benefits through production efficiency.
The European Commission adopted an ambitious Circular Economy
Package, which includes revised legislative proposals on waste to
stimulate Europe’s transition towards a circular economy which will
boost global competitiveness, foster sustainable economic growth
and generate new jobs.
The proposed actions will contribute to “closing the loop” of product
lifecycles through greater recycling and re-use, and bring benefits
for both the environment and the economy. Key elements of the revised
waste proposal include:
- A common EU target for recycling 65% of municipal waste by 2030;
- A common EU target for recycling 75% of packaging waste by 2030;
- A binding landfill target to reduce landfill to maximum of 10% of municipal waste by 2030;
- A ban on landfilling of separately collected waste;
- Promotion of economic instruments to discourage landfilling ;
- Simplified and improved definitions and harmonized calculation methods for recycling rates
throughout the EU;
- Concrete measures to promote re-use and stimulate industrial symbiosis – turning one industry’s
by-product into another industry’s raw material;
- Economic incentives for producers to put greener products on the market and support recovery
and recycling schemes.